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Q&A: Top health expert on latest virus developments

Q&A: Top health expert on latest virus developmentsRenowned(1)Chinese respiratory expert Zhong Nanshan shares his views on the latest developments in thenovel(2)coronavirus(3)outbreak in an interview with Beijing Television on January 31st.Q: Should people get tested for the coronavirus infection if they have symptoms of a cold or fever?A: If they have a fever, they should go to get tested for the virus, because the most common symptom for the novel coronavirus is fever. Other symptoms include fatigue and coughing. If they have such symptoms, they should go to the fever clinics to get tested.If they have had contact with people from Wuhan, they should get tested even if they do not have such symptoms, since some people do not show any symptoms at the early stage.Q: Some patients have been discharged from the hospital. Will they have any side effects?A: I have not noticed any obvious side effects. The disease now has amortality(4)rate ofabout2.5 percent. We are trying everything to save patients, especially those in critical condition, by giving them medical and life support.Q: How does the virus compare with SARS? Which one is more dangerous?A: The new coronavirus is less dangerous.Q: Many elderly people havechronic(5)diseases and need to go to the hospital regularly to get medicine. If they run out of medicine, should they go to the hospital?A: We found that elderly people with chronic disease have higher chances to get infected. It's better for them to ask their children to go to the hospital to get medicine.Q: Are there any new treatment methods you want to share with us?A: The two main treatment methods are still early detection and early isolation. They are the mostprimitive(6)and effective ways.Q: Your eyes were filled with tears during an early interview with Xinhua News Agency. Could you tell us what happened?A: Medical workers in Wuhan have worked very hard and patients are also very depressed. I talked to many of my students who are medical staff in Wuhan and they are not in a good mood.One of my students told me that people were singing the nationalanthem(7)on the street, "The Chinese nation has entered a critical stage." It shows that people have highmorale(8). I was deeply touched. When dealing with infectious patients in critical situation, morale,solidarity(9)and cooperation are very important.Q: When will theepidemic(10)end?A: The country has taken strong epidemic prevention and containment measures. Other than Wuhan, we have not seenlarge-scale(11)infections in other places. I think it will not last as long as the SARS epidemic in 2003.文章来源:http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/a/202002/01/WS5e351ae8a310128217274041.htmlNotes:(1) renowned:著名的,有声望的(2) novel:新奇的,异常的(3) coronavirus:冠状病毒(4) mortality:死亡数,死亡率(5) chronic:慢性的,长期的(6) primitive:原始的,简单的(7) anthem:赞美诗,圣歌(8) morale:士气,斗志(9) solidarity:团结,团结一致(10) epidemic:传染病,流行病(11) large-scale:大规模的,大范围的

Epidemic peak may come in a week or 10 days

Epidemic peak may come in a week or 10 daysIt's hard to predict when theepidemic(1)will reach itspeak(2), but it may come in a week or 10 days, said Zhong Nanshan, a member of theChinese Academy of Engineering(3)and a prominent expert inrespiratory diseases(4)on Janurary 28.After that, the number of peopleinfected(5)by thenovel coronavirus(6)will not increase massively, he toldXinhua News Agency(7).There have been reports that early symptoms of the novel coronavirus disease don't include common symptoms of respiratory diseases, such as fever and cough. Zhong said having a fever is still among the most common symptoms of novel coronavirus disease.10to 14 days is a perfectwindow for observation(8). After theincubation period(9), those who haven't been infected will stay healthy and those who have been infected will receive medical treatment. So people'smigration(10)after Spring Festival holiday won't cause a massive spread of the disease, but control measures must continue, he added.Zhong also said so far there is notargeted drug(11)for the novel coronavirus disease, but scientist and medical experts have thought of some ways to fight it. "With the help oflife supporting technologies(12), thefatality rate(13)will definitely drop," he said.Zhong stressed that the most effective way to control the epidemic isearly identification and quarantine(14)of those infected."I urged people tostay put(15)before the Spring Festival holiday. I still believe people shouldn't travel, especially those who are from Wuhan. It's not only a personal choice, but also something that matters to society."He said with the support of people around the country, Wuhan can surelyget through(16)the epidemic.http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/a/202001/28/WS5e302001a3101282172737cb.htmlNotes:(1)epidemic:传染病(2)peak:高峰(3)Chinese Academy of Engineering:中国工程院(4)respiratory diseases:呼吸系统疾病(5)infect:感染(6)novel coronavirus:新型冠状病毒(7)Xinhua News Agency:新华社(8)window for observation:观察窗口期(9)incubation period:潜伏期(10)migration:迁移(11)targeted drug:靶向药物(12)life supporting technologies:生命支持技术(13)fatality rate:致死率(14)early identification and quarantine:早发现,早隔离(15)stay put:不出门(16)get through:度过,熬过(困难时期等)长难句翻译:It's hard to predict when the epidemic will reach its peak, but it may come in a week or 10 days, said Zhong Nanshan, a member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering and a prominent expert in respiratory diseases.中国工程院院士、著名呼吸系统疾病专家钟南山说,很难预测疫情何时会达到拐点,但可能会在一周或10天之内出现。

Coronavirus rumors trigger irrational behaviors

Coronavirus rumors trigger irrational behaviors among Chinese netizensIn the face of China’sresolute(1)battle against thedeadly(2)novel(3)coronavirus(4)outbreak that has caused over 17,000confirmed cases(5)of infections and 361 deaths nationwide, millions of Chinese people have beenquarantined(6)during the Spring Festival holidays.At the same time,rumormongering(7)on social media platformstriggered(8)irrational behavior amongnetizens(9)as the research on effectivecounter-virus(10)treatment is still ongoing.A report by the Xinhua News Agency claimed Chinesepatent(11)medicine, Shuanghuanglian oral liquid, containing three herbal ingredients, is effective in containing the novel coronavirus infection, citing the latest joint research betweenShanghai Institute of Materia Medica under Chinese Academy of Sciences(12)andWuhan Institute of Virology(13).The news was also reported by People’s Daily soon after. It emerged as the most searched topic on Weibo. People rushed to purchase the medicineonline and offline(14), resulting in it togo off the shelves(15)in quick succession(16).Picturescirculating(17)on social media showed residents queuing up in front ofpharmacies(18)late-nightbraving the chilly weather(19)to purchase Shuanghuanglian oral liquid. Some netizens even comforted each other when they found the drugs have been all sold out, planning another try in the early morning.However, the People’s Daily published acontrasting(20)reportthenext morning, urging people not to rush to purchase Shuanghuanglian oral liquid, as there is no specific anti-viral treatment recommended against coronavirus infection so far. Besides, research for treatment measures is still ongoing but it is yet to passclinical trials(21).It also cautioned the public against consuming drugs without properphysician guidance(22). During the coronavirus outbreaks,frenzy(23)rumors accompanied the epidemic causing social panic. Some Chinese netizensmocked(24)themselves recalling the different instances when they rushed to buy different medical supplies since the virus outbreak, ranging from masks todisinfectant(25)to rice, gloves and evenultraviolet(26)lamps. Some netizens said they have been spending hours online todig out(27)useful information about effective anti-virus measures. Some analysts suggested rumors and the subsequent panic are more dangerous than the epidemic itself asdisinformation(28)often strikes the emotionalchord(29)and people arevulnerable(30)to incorrect judgments at such critical times.Fatuous(31)rumors claiming Corona beer as a medium of this virus resulted in some netizens asking for refunds from the beer company on social media. “Calm down and give a second thought when it comes to believing different information online,” a Beijing-based resident Simon told the Global Times. The first thing I have been doing every day during these holidays isrebutting(32)rumors in various family WeChat groups, as middle-aged and elderly groups are more likely to believe in online rumors.Adapted fromhttp://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1178157.shtml.Notes:(1)resolute:坚决的,果断的(2)deadly:致命的,非常的(3)novel:新奇的,异常的(4)coronavirus:冠状病毒(5)confirmed case:确诊病例(6)quarantine:隔离(7)rumormongering:造谣(8)trigger:触发,引起(9)netizen:网民(10)counter-virus:抗病毒的(11)patent:专利权,专利的(12)Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica under Chinese Academy of Sciences:中国科学院上海药物研究所(13)Wuhan Institute of Virology:武汉病毒研究所(virology:病毒学)(14)online and offline:线上线下(15)go off the shelves:下架(16)in quick succession:紧接着(17)circulate:流传(18)pharmacy:药房(19)bravethe chilly weather:冒着严寒(20)contrasting:差异大的,形成鲜明对比的(21)clinical trial:临床试验(22)physician guidance:医嘱(23)frenzy:狂怒,暴怒(24)mock:嘲笑(25)disinfectant:消毒剂(26)ultraviolet:紫外线的(27)dig out:发现,挖掘(28)disinformation:虚假信息(29)chord:和弦(30)vulnerable:易受伤害的,易受攻击的(31)fatuous:愚蠢的,愚昧的,未经认真考虑的(32)rebut:反驳,揭露,拒绝长难句翻译(1)In the face of China’s resolute battle against the deadly novel coronavirus outbreak that has caused over 17,000 confirmed cases of infections and 361deaths nationwide, millions of Chinese people have been quarantined during the Spring Festival holidays.新型冠状病毒爆发已在全国范围内造成1.7万多例确诊感染病例和361人死亡。面对中国与这种致命病毒的坚决斗争,数百万中国人在春节期间被隔离。(2)A report by the Xinhua News Agency claimed Chinese patent medicine, Shuanghuanglian oral liquid, containing three herbal ingredients, is effective in containing the novel coronavirus infection, citing the latest joint research between Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica under Chinese Academy of Sciences and Wuhan Institute of Virology.新华社引用中国科学院上海药物研究所和武汉病毒研究所的最新联合研究,声称包含三个草药成分的中成药双黄连口服液能有效抑制新型冠状病毒感染。(3)Some analysts suggested rumors and the subsequent panic are more dangerous than the epidemic itself as disinformation often strikes the emotional chord and people are vulnerable to incorrect judgments at such critical times.一些分析人士认为谣言和随之而来的恐慌比疫情本身更加危险,因为虚假信息常常触动人们的情感,在这样的关键时刻,人们很容易做出错误的判断。

练习 | VOA词汇掌故:常见肢体语言的含义

VOA词汇掌故:常见肢体语言的含义燕山大学刘立军编写uTRANSCRIPTNow, the VOA Learning English program, Words and Their Stories.On this program we explore words and common expressions in American English.We communicate most commonly, of course, with our words. But we also speak with our bodies. We call it body language.Sometimes, though, we need to describe our body language with words. That is what today's show is about - talking about body language.Two types of body language have made their way into text messaging and social media language.The most common is LOL. If we are LOL-ing, we are laughing out loud. That is whatLOLstands for. And it is easy to know when to use this. If a friend writes something to you that is extremely funny - orhilarious- you can reply with a "LOL." In conversation, though, it sounds weird to say the letters "L-O-L."Here's another one you might see in a text message from a friend.So, when someone nods their head up and down, that means they are in agreement. And if they shake their heads back and forth, it means they are disagreeing.Well, sometimes it does. Sometimes shaking one's head means something completely different.For example, I might say I could only shake my head at hisarrogance. This means that I couldn't believe that he had said or done something so arrogant. In a text, email or social media post, you can simply type SMH. But just as with LOL, it doesn't sound right in spoken English.Here is an example of how to use the full phrase "shake my head" in a conversation.I can't believe how your friend acted at the funeral! When the preacher began speaking, she laughed out loud. It was so disrespectful.How do you think I felt? I was standing with her! I could only shake my head andcringeinside. It was so embarrassing!If your friend is always behaving badly, you may just have to throw your hands up. This body language expression means that you realize that you cannot do anything to make a situation better.For example, let's say you are teaching a roomful of young children when suddenly a dog runs through the classroom! The children jump up and start laughing and chasing the dog. You can't do anything to quiet them down. So, you just throw your hands up and let them have fun.Shrugging your shoulders is when you raise and lower them. As body language, it shows that you don't care about something. But it can also mean that you are uncertain or perhaps just bored.For example, let's say I am babysitting a friend's child. At dinnertime, I ask the child, "So, do you want pasta or rice for dinner?" He doesn't say anything. He just shrugs his shoulders. So, I made my favorite - pasta with tomato sauce!Rolling your eyes is another way to show you don't care. This body language says that you don't care AT ALL about what someone is saying. Eye-rolling is even more disrespectful than shoulder-shrugging. So, teachers and parents often criticize children for eye-rolls by simply saying, "Don't roll your eyes at me!"Staying with the eyes, we come to raising eyebrows. Usually when we raise our eyebrows, our faces look as if we are surprised or shocked by something. But raising your eyebrows can also show that you disapprove of something. There is a certain amount of judgement in eyebrow-raising.Let's hear it used in a short dialogue.Did you hear about Jack? During the weekly meeting with staff, he wore a head-to-toe clown costume.Oh, that's nothing. He lost a bet with his son and had to wear it.Well, it raised some eyebrows around the office. People are saying he isn't serious enough to be manager.Wearing a clown costume is nothing to raise your eyebrows at. People should really lighten up!Now, when some people are nervous, they bite their nails. It may not be a good habit, but it has given us a useful word.Something, such as a game or a movie, that causes you to feel nervous because the ending is not known until the final moment is called a nail-biter!When talking about a sporting event, the opposite of a nail-biter is a blow-out. A blow-out is a game where one team out scores the other by a lot!Did you watch the basketball game last night?I did! What a great game.I know. I haven't seen a game that close in a long time. It was a real nail-biter! The score was tied until the last 10 minutes!It was a much better game than last week. That game was ablow-out. One team scored 68 points in the first quarter while the other didn't even score one. Boring.And that's all for this Words and Their Stories.Even though this program is not a nail-biter, we hope you're not rolling your eyes or shrugging your shoulders with boredom. And we certainly hope your eyebrows aren't raised in disapproval. But we do hope you give us a thumbsup, which, of course, means "good job."I'm Anna Matteo.Adapted fromhttp://www.kekenet.com/broadcast/201910/598353.shtmluVOCABULARY1.hilariousadj. extremely funny极其滑稽的。例如:la hilarious joke/story令人捧腹的笑话/故事lLynn found the whole situation hilarious.林恩觉得这一切都非常滑稽。lDo you know Pete? He's hilarious.你认识皮特吗?他风趣得很。2.arrogancen.(不可数名词)the behaviour of a person when they feel that they are more important than other people, so that they are rude to them or do not consider them傲慢;自大3.cringev. to feel very embarrassed and uncomfortable about sth.感到尴尬不安;觉得难为情。例如:I cringe when I think of the poems I wrote then.每当我想起我那时写的诗歌就感到很难堪。uEXERCISESRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.Now, the VOA Learning English program, Words and Their Stories.On this program we explore words and common expressions in American English.We communicate most commonly, of course, with our words. But we also speak with our bodies. We call it [Q1] ________________________________.Sometimes, though, we need to describe our body language with words. That is what today's show is about - talking about body language.Two types of body language have made their way into [Q2] ________________________________.The most common is LOL. If we are LOL-ing, we are[Q3] ____________________. That is whatLOLstands for. And it is easy to know when to use this. If a friend writes something to you that is extremely funny - or hilarious - you can reply with a "LOL." In conversation, though, itsoundsweird to say the letters "L-O-L."Here's another one you might see in a text message from a friend.So, when someone nods their head up and down, that means they are inagreement. And if they shake their heads back and forth, it means they are disagreeing.Well, sometimes it does. Sometimes shaking one's head means something completely different.For example, I might say I could only[Q4]at his arrogance. This means that I couldn't believe that he had said or done something so arrogant. In a text, email or social media post, you can simply type SMH. But just as with LOL, it doesn't sound right in spoken English.Here is an example of how to use the full phrase "shake my head" in a conversation.I can't believe how your friend acted at the funeral! When the preacher began speaking, she laughed out loud. It was so disrespectful.How do you think I felt? I was standing with her! I could only shake my head and cringe inside. It was so embarrassing!If your friend is always behaving badly, you may just have to [Q5] __________________________. This body language expression means that you realize that you cannot do anything to make a situation better.For example, let's say you are teaching a roomful of young children when suddenly a dog runs through the classroom! The children jump up and start laughing and chasing the dog. You can't do anything to quiet them down. So, you just throw your hands up and let them have fun.[Q6] ___________________________________ is when you raise and lower them. As body language, it shows that you don't care about something. But it can also mean that you are uncertain or perhaps just bored.For example, let's say I am babysitting a friend's child. At dinnertime, I ask the child, "So, do you want pasta or rice for dinner?" He doesn't say anything. He just shrugs his shoulders. So, I made my favorite - pasta with tomato sauce![Q7] ______________________________ is another way to show you don't care. This body language says that you don't care AT ALL about what someone is saying. Eye-rolling is even more disrespectful than shoulder-shrugging. So, teachers and parents often criticize children for eye-rolls by simply saying, "Don't roll your eyes at me!"Staying with the eyes, we come to [Q8] ____________________________. Usually when we raise our eyebrows, our faces look as if we are surprised or shocked by something. But raising your eyebrows can also show that you disapprove of something. There is a certain amount of judgement in eyebrow-raising.Let's hear it used in a short dialogue.Did you hear about Jack? During the weekly meeting with staff, he wore a head-to-toe clown costume.Oh, that's nothing. He lost a bet with his son and had to wear it.Well, it raised some eyebrows around the office. People are saying he isn't serious enough to be manager.Wearing a clown costume is nothing to raise your eyebrows at. People should really lighten up!Now, when some people are nervous, they [Q9] _________________________________. It may not be a good habit, but it has given us a useful word.Something, such as a game or a movie, that causes you to feel nervous because the ending is not known until the final moment is called a nail-biter!When talking about a sporting event, the opposite of a nail-biter is a blow-out. A blow-out is a game where one team outscores the other by a lot!Did you watch the basketball game last night?I did! What a great game.I know. I haven't seen a game that close in a long time. It was a real nail-biter! The score was tied until the last 10 minutes!It was a much better game than last week. That game was ablow-out. One team scored 68 points in the first quarter while the other didn't even score one. Boring.And that's all for this Words and Their Stories.Even though this program is not a nail-biter, we hope you're not rolling your eyes or shrugging your shoulders with boredom. And we certainly hope your eyebrows aren't raised in disapproval. But we do hope you give us a [Q10] ___________________________, which, of course, means "good job."I'm Anna Matteo.uKEYRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.Now, the VOA Learning English program, Words and Their Stories.On this program we explore words and common expressions in American English.We communicate most commonly, of course, with our words. But we also speak with our bodies. We call it [Q1]body language.Sometimes, though, we need to describe our body language with words. That is what today's show is about - talking about body language.Two types of body language have made their way into [Q2]text messaging and social medialanguage.The most common is LOL. If we are LOL-ing, we are[Q3]laughing out loud. That is whatLOLstands for. And it is easy to know when to use this. If a friend writes something to you that is extremely funny - or hilarious - you can reply with a "LOL." In conversation, though, itsoundsweird to say the letters "L-O-L."Here's another one you might see in a text message from a friend.So, when someone nods their head up and down, that means they are inagreement. And if they shake their heads back and forth, it means they are disagreeing.Well, sometimes it does. Sometimes shaking one's head means something completely different.For example, I might say I could only[Q4]shakemy headat his arrogance. This means that I couldn't believe that he had said or done something so arrogant. In a text, email or social media post, you can simply type SMH. But just as with LOL, it doesn't sound right in spoken English.Here is an example of how to use the full phrase "shake my head" in a conversation.I can't believe how your friend acted at the funeral! When the preacher began speaking, she laughed out loud. It was so disrespectful.How do you think I felt? I was standing with her! I could only shake my head and cringe inside. It was so embarrassing!If your friend is always behaving badly, you may just have to [Q5]throw your hands up. This body language expression means that you realize that you cannot do anything to make a situation better.For example, let's say you are teaching a roomful of young children when suddenly a dog runs through the classroom! The children jump up and start laughing and chasing the dog. You can't do anything to quiet them down. So, you just throw your hands up and let them have fun.[Q6]Shrugging your shouldersis when you raise and lower them. As body language, it shows that you don't care about something. But it can also mean that you are uncertain or perhaps just bored.For example, let's say I am babysitting a friend's child. At dinnertime, I ask the child, "So, do you want pasta or rice for dinner?" He doesn't say anything. He just shrugs his shoulders. So, I made my favorite - pasta with tomato sauce![Q7]Rolling your eyesis another way to show you don't care. This body language says that you don't care AT ALL about what someone is saying. Eye-rolling is even more disrespectful than shoulder-shrugging. So, teachers and parents often criticize children for eye-rolls by simply saying, "Don't roll your eyes at me!"Staying with the eyes, we come to [Q8]raising eyebrows. Usually when we raise our eyebrows, our faces look as if we are surprised or shocked by something. But raising your eyebrows can also show that you disapprove of something. There is a certain amount of judgement in eyebrow-raising.Let's hear it used in a short dialogue.Did you hear about Jack? During the weekly meeting with staff, he wore a head-to-toe clown costume.Oh, that's nothing. He lost a bet with his son and had to wear it.Well, it raised some eyebrows around the office. People are saying he isn't serious enough to be manager.Wearing a clown costume is nothing to raise your eyebrows at. People should really lighten up!Now, when some people are nervous, they [Q9]bite their nails. It may not be a good habit, but it has given us a useful word.Something, such as a game or a movie, that causes you to feel nervous because the ending is not known until the final moment is called a nail-biter!When talking about a sporting event, the opposite of a nail-biter is a blow-out. A blow-out is a game where one team outscores the other by a lot!Did you watch the basketball game last night?I did! What a great game.I know. I haven't seen a game that close in a long time. It was a real nail-biter! The score was tied until the last 10 minutes!It was a much better game than last week. That game was ablow-out. One team scored 68 points in the first quarter while the other didn't even score one. Boring.And that's all for this Words and Their Stories.Even though this program is not a nail-biter, we hope you're not rolling your eyes or shrugging your shoulders with boredom. And we certainly hope your eyebrows aren't raised in disapproval. But we do hope you give us a [Q10]thumbs up, which, of course, means "good job."I'm Anna Matteo.

练习 | VOA慢速:托福上线官方app

mg电子游戏客户端VOA慢速:托福上线官方app燕山大学刘立军编写uTRANSCRIPTStudents around the world wanting help with the TOEFL English test have a new tool: a mobile app. The “TOEFL official app” becameavailablelast week. Users can download it from the Apple App Store or Google Play.TOEFL stands for “Test of English as a Foreign Language.” Students must pass the test to get into many universities in the United States and other English-speaking countries. It is made up of four parts: reading, listening, writing and speaking.Test-takers will be able to use it for everything from registration and test preparation, to receiving their scores and requesting health-related accommodations.What we wanted to do through the app is to meet them where they are on their own terms and schedule, and on the devices they increasingly prefer to use, said Srikant Gopal. He leads the TOEFL program at the non-profit Educational Testing Service, or ETS, and recently spoke with VOA about the new app.After downloading the app, users can get material to help prepare them for the test. They can alsoregisterto take the test. And, the organization says, users can see their test scores and send reports to schools they wish to attend.Students also can search for the test centers near where they are, as well as find open seats for the test. This works through Google maps.TOEFL is offered in over 150 countries around the world. It is mostly internet-based. In places where internet connections are not strong, students take a paper version of the test.I'm Jonathan Evans.uVOCABULARY1.availableadj.(of things东西)that you can get, buy or find可获得的;可购得的;可找到的。例如:lavailable resources/facilities可利用的资源/设备lreadily/freely/publicly/generally available可以容易/免费/让公众/普遍得到lTickets are available free of charge from the school.学校有免费票。lWhen will the information be made available?何时才可以了解到情况?lFurther information is available on request.详情备索。lThis was the only room available.这是唯一可用的房间。lWe'll send you a copy as soon as it becomes available.一有货我们就会给你寄一本去。lEvery available doctor was called to the scene.所有能找到的医生都被召集到了现场。2.registerv. put name on list登记姓名uEXERCISESRead the statements. Then listen to the news and check the true (ü) or false (û) statements.q1. The “TOEFL official app” became available last month.q2. Users can download the “TOEFL official app” from the Apple App Store or Google Play.q3. According to the news, students must pass the test to get into many universities in the United States and other English-speaking countries.q4. TOEFL is made up of four parts: reading, listening, writing and discussion.q5. Test-takers will be able to use the “TOEFL official app” for everything, such as registration, test preparation, receiving test scores and requesting health-related accommodations.q6. ETS is a non-profit organization in the USA and Canada.q7. After downloading the app, users can get material to help prepare them for the test and register to take the test. Besides, users can see their test scores and send reports to schools they wish to attend.q8. After downloading the app, students also can search for the test centers and find open seats for the test.q9. TOEFL is offered in over 115 countries around the world.q10. TOEFL is mostly internet-based. In places where internet connections are not strong, students take a paper test.uKEYRead the statements. Then listen to the news and check the true (ü) or false (û) statements.ý1. The “TOEFL official app” became availablelast month. 正确表达:The “TOEFL official app” became availablelast week.þ2. Users can download the “TOEFL official app” from the Apple App Store or Google Play.þ3. According to the news, students must pass the test to get into many universities in the United States and other English-speaking countries.ý4. TOEFL is made up of four parts: reading, listening, writing anddiscussion. 正确表达:TOEFL is made up of four parts: reading, listening, writing andspeaking.þ5. Test-takers will be able to use the “TOEFL official app” for everything, such as registration, test preparation, receiving test scores and requesting health-related accommodations.ý6. ETS is a non-profit organizationin the USA and Canada. 正确表达:ETS is a non-profit organizationin the USA.þ7. After downloading the app, users can get material to help prepare them for the test and register to take the test. Besides, users can see their test scores and send reports to schools they wish to attend.þ8. After downloading the app, students also can search for the test centers and find open seats for the test.ý9. TOEFL is offered inover 115 countriesaround the world. 正确表达:TOEFL is offered inover 150 countriesaround the world.þ10. TOEFL is mostly internet-based. In places where internet connections are not strong, students take a paper test.

练习 | BBC新闻:英国将提前举行大选

BBC新闻:英国将提前举行大选燕山大学刘立军编写uTRANSCRIPTBBC News. Hello, I'm Jerry Smit. Britain's main opposition party Labor, says it will now support an early general election, meaning the UK is almost certain to go to the polls in December. It comes as the Prime Minister Boris Johnsongears upfor his fourth attempt in parliament to secure asnapelection. The Labor leader Jeremy Corbyn told his colleagues that with Brexit delayed until the end of January, the immediate threat of leaving without a deal had been removed.“We always said we wanted an election. We do want an election, but we wanted no-deal to be taken off the table. We've now had confirmation from all 28 EU member states that no-deal is off the table. So we'regonnago out there with the biggest campaign this Party has ever mounted, totally united, totally determined.”With this analysis, here is our political correspondent Rob Watson.“This is one of those genuine, real, historic landmark developments in thethree-and-a-half-year political crisis, that is the Brexit process,because this means definitively we are gonna have an early general election before Christmas. What's changed for the opposition Labor Party is this idea that it's just impossible any longer to resist an election that some of the smaller opposition parties have gone along with it and that what they had asked for which was to make sure that wasn't gonna be aneminentno-deal Brexit. Well, that has been handled by the European Union, saying Okay, we're gonna extend the Brexit process until the end of January.Adapted fromhttp://www.kekenet.com/broadcast/201910/598299.shtmluVOCABULARY1.gear up:gear up (for/to sth.) | gear sb./sth.↔up (for/to sth.)to prepare yourself /sb. /sth. to do sth.(使)为……作好准备。例如:Cycle organizations are gearing up for National Bike Week.自行车组织正在为全国自行车周活动作准备。2.snapadj.(只用于名词前)made or done quickly and without careful thought or preparation匆忙的;仓促的。例如:lIt was a snap decision.那是个仓促的决定。lThey held a snap election.他们临时举行了选举。3.gonna:(informal, non-standard) a way of saying or writing“going to”in informal speech, when it refers to the future即将,将要(非正式用语,即going to)。例如:What's she gonna do now? 她现在要干什么?4.eminentadj.(常用于名词前) l(of people人)famous and respected, especially in a particular profession(尤指在某专业中)卓越的,著名的,显赫的。例如:an eminent architect著名的建筑师l(of good qualities良好品质) unusual; excellent非凡的;杰出的。例如:a man of eminent good sense极其明智的人uEXERCISESRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.BBC News. Hello, I'm Jerry Smit. Britain's main opposition party Labor, says it will now support[Q1] ________________________________,meaning the UK is almost certain to go to the polls in December. It comes as the Prime Minister Boris Johnson[Q2] ____________for his fourth attempt in parliament to secure[Q3] ___________________________.The Labor leader Jeremy Corbyn told his colleagues that with Brexit delayed until the end of January, the immediate threat of[Q4] _______________________________________had been removed.“We always said we wanted an election. We do want an election, but we wanted no-deal to be taken off the table. We've now had[Q5] __________________________from all 28 EU member states that no-deal is off the table. So we're gonna go out there with the biggest campaign this Party has ever mounted, totally united, totally determined.”With this analysis, here is our political correspondent Rob Watson.“This is one of those genuine, real, historic[Q6] ___________________________________in thethree-and-a-half year[Q7] ___________________________,that is the Brexit process because this means definitively we are gonna have an early general election before Christmas. What's changed for the opposition Labor Party is this idea that it's just impossible any longer to[Q8] ______________________that some of the smaller opposition parties have gone along with it and that what they had asked for which was to make sure that wasn't gonna be an[Q9] __________________no-deal Brexit. Well, that has been handled by the European Union, saying Okay, we're gonna[Q10] _________________the Brexit process until the end of January.”uKEYRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.BBC News. Hello, I'm Jerry Smit. Britain's main opposition party Labor, says it will now support[Q1]an early general election, meaning the UK is almost certain to go to the polls in December. It comes as the Prime Minister Boris Johnson[Q2]gears upfor his fourth attempt in parliament to secure[Q3]a snap election. The Labor leader Jeremy Corbyn told his colleagues that with Brexit delayed until the end of January, the immediate threat of[Q4]leaving without a dealhad been removed.“We always said we wanted an election. We do want an election, but we wanted no-deal to be taken off the table. We've now had[Q5]confirmationfrom all 28 EU member states that no-deal is off the table. So we're gonna go out there with the biggest campaign this Party has ever mounted, totally united, totally determined.”With this analysis, here is our political correspondent Rob Watson.“This is one of those genuine, real, historic[Q6]landmark developmentsin thethree-and-a-half year[Q7]political crisis, that is the Brexit process because this means definitively we are gonna have an early general election before Christmas. What's changed for the opposition Labor Party is this idea that it's just impossible any longer to[Q8]resist an electionthat some of the smaller opposition parties have gone along with it and that what they had asked for which was to make sure that wasn't gonna be an[Q9]eminentno-deal Brexit. Well, that has been handled by the European Union, saying Okay, we're gonna[Q10]extendthe Brexit process until the end of January.”

第九届教学大赛翻译专业组二等奖顿超授课

mg电子游戏客户端授课点评:顿超的授课有三个优点、三个不足。优点:第一,教学总体设计比较清晰,把整堂课的教学分为五个环节(2:00,其中第一步“Review”恐怕应该是“Preview”之误),实际讲授第二环节,提出两个明确的目标(6:02)。应该说,整堂课上得有条不紊。第二,她为教学中的评估环节设计了一个自我评估表(3:27),颇有创意。第三,采用了一些新理论、新方法,如用思维导图(Mind Map)等。讲课结束时引用朗费罗的诗句(18:53),也为课堂增添了气氛。不足:第一,授课时完全离开了原来提供的文本,全部换用了三段新材料。据她回答评委提问时的解释,是担心学生事先了解了内容以后,在课堂上无法评估学生是否掌握(21:00)。这是不对的。既违背了比赛要求,也不符合实际教学情况。因为给学生材料让其课前预习是教学的常态,不能指望靠上课时突然袭击来检测学生。第二,最大的问题是把口译课上成了听力课。整堂课下来,好像都在讲如何听辨,没有丝毫提到翻译和口译。其实这完全可在教学过程中体现,如选材时用英语和中文各一段,或者辨识时英文材料用中文记录、中文材料用英文记录等。第三,上课缺少互动,基本是教师一人在独白。包括两段听力材料的概括,也是让学生试说后,不加评议就匆匆给出自己的文本(11:26)。点评专家:潘文国教授

第九届教学大赛英语专业组二等奖桂佳说课

mg电子游戏客户端说课点评:桂佳老师在说课环节清晰地表达了对所给语篇的文本理解和教学认识,在快速构思阶梯形教学任务和具体步骤的基础上,完整地介绍了涉及教学对象、教学目的、教学过程、教学评价等的课程设计,基于本人多年教学实践的教学方案循序渐进,教学安排科学合理,显示了其丰富的教学经验和娴熟的教学方法。说课目的明确,条理清晰,设计突出主题,采用活动途径,倡导体验参与,重视培养学生国际视野以及跨文化意识。桂佳说课条理清晰,有感染力,所设计的教学环节有较好的可操作性。建议桂佳老师在今后的教学实践中,重视学习活动的有效组织,注重输入与输出的协调,了解教学对象,因材施教,因势利导,注重教学手段、过程、效果的统一,重视语言技能、语言知识、情感态度、学习策略、文化意识以多元智能开发等要素的有机融合,注重师生之间的有效互动,倡导学生的积极体验,促进学生在心智、情感、态度与价值观的综合发展和提高,积极倡导探究式、任务型、交际性的教学,致力于培养学生的参与意识、合作精神、思维品质以及沟通能力。点评专家:梅德明教授

教育培训更多

大英综合课教学设计工作坊2.0

本工作坊采取培训专家、教学大赛获奖选手和参训教师组成学习共同体的研修模式。主讲人在进行理论讲解、模式阐释和展示示范时,将以教学指 南为准则,结合中国英语能力等级量表,详解指定教材单元设计中的目标 设定、流程安排、项目设计和多层评测。参训教师通过分组合作学习和集体备课的形式,在专家指导下分模块操练单元设计的重要步骤和极富挑战 的教学整合设计任务。本工作坊旨在帮助参训教师将理论转化为实践,最 终产出和分享课程设计方案*,并将成果带回到一线课堂教学实践中去。 课程具体实施步骤设计如下:1.参训教师在培训前事先完成教学设计和二语习得新文献的阅读。2.在研修现场,培训专家将首先从当前大学英语综合课教学存在的主要问题入手,结合“金课”的核心内涵和要求,解析大学英语综合课程的教学理念,介绍以项目为中心的整合式教学设计模式。然后,基于《全新版大学 进阶英语综合教程1》的一个单元,剖析还原单元教学生成过程,展示该模式在具体教学案例中的应用。3.本研修班新增教学点评环节,拟邀请第10届“外教社杯”全国高校外语教学大赛高名次获奖选手回顾参赛心路历程,分享赛后反思。培训专家将带 领参训教师观摩选手录像,并从大赛评委、教学设计者、教学课堂观察者 等多维角度进行教学点评和解析。参训教师亦可参与评课,并与获奖选手直接互动交流。4.在最后的实操阶段,参训教师将按5-6人分组,在培训专家指导下以集 体备课形式对指定教材的其他单元进行分步骤、整体设计和互动交流,并 由专家点评。以期切实强化“金课”理念,提升教学设计能力,实现以能力 培养为目标的有效教学。* 注:研修班将汇总专家及各组学员的最终教学设计方案,编订成合集,以电子版形式分享给全体学员。

跨文化外语教学与跨文化交际能力的培养:案例教学法

根据《大学英语教学指南》与英语专业《教学标准》中的要求,结合“跨文化大赛”选手的表现,探讨跨文化视角下外语教学与大学生跨文化交际能力的培养。本期研修班特邀上海外国语大学张红玲教授团队、昆山杜克大学Don Snow教授、华东师范大学窦卫霖教授、华东理工大学颜静兰教授等专家学者,重点结合理论研究与教学实践,采用案例分析与展示的方法,探讨在高校外语课程中进行跨文化教育、设置跨文化模块课程、跨文化课程的教学设计与执行能力、跨文化交际能力培养的途径与方法等主题。

大学英语教师专业发展:教学设计能力与测评素养提升

基于对当前大学生英语学习现状和新时期英语教学要求的分析,本期研修班将组织国内大学英语教学领域研究成果丰硕、实践经验丰富的资深专家,通过专题讲座、教学示范、互动座谈等多种研修形式,深入探究新形势下大学英语教学改革的相关热点问题,如“金课”建设、有效课堂教学设计与实施、教评测的有机结合、教师测评素养等,以期帮助大学英语教师把握改革动向,更新教学理念,掌握先进、有效的教学方法,优化大学英语核心课程的教学效果。

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