mg电子游戏客户端

Clinical Course of 2019 Novel Coronavirus

Clinical Courseof 2019 Novel CoronavirusThere are a limited number of reports that describe theclinical presentation(1)of patients withconfirmed(2)2019-nCoV(3)infection, and most are limited tohospitalized-patients(4)withpneumonia(5).Theincubation period(6)is estimated at2-14days. Frequently reported signs and symptoms include fever, cough, andmyalgia(7)or fatigue atillness onset(8). Sore throat has also been reported in some patients early in theclinical course(9). Less commonly reported symptoms includesputum(10)production, headache,hemoptysis(11), anddiarrhea(12). The fever course among patients with 2019-nCoV infection is not fully understood; it may beprolonged(13)and intermittent(14).Asymptomatic(15)infection has been described in one child with confirmed 2019-nCoV infection and chestcomputed tomography(CT)(16)abnormalities.Risk factors for severe illness are not yet clear, although older patients and those withchronic medical conditions(17)may be at higher risk for severe illness.Nearly all reported cases have occurred in adults (median age 59 years). In one study of 425 patients with pneumonia and confirmed 2019-nCoV infection, 57% were male. Approximately one-third to one-half of reported patients had underlying medicalcomorbidities(18), includingdiabetes(19),hypertension(20), andcardiovascular disease(21).http://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/hcp/clinical-guidance-management-patients.htmlNotes:(1)clinical presentation:临床表现(2)confirmed:确诊的(3)2019-nCoV:(2019 Novel Coronavirus)2019新型冠状病毒(4)hospitalizedpatients:住院患者(5)pneumonia:肺炎(6)incubation period:潜伏期(7)myalgia:肌痛(8)illness onset:发病(9)clinical course:临床病程(10)sputum:痰(11)hemoptysis:咯血(12)diarrhea:腹泻(13)prolonged:持续性的(14)intermittent:间歇性的(15)asymptomatic:无症状的(16)computed tomography(CT):计算机断层扫描(17)chronicmedical conditions:慢性病(18)comorbidities:并存病(19)diabetes:糖尿病(20)hypertension:高血压(21)cardiovascular disease:心血管疾病长难句翻译:(1)There are a limited number of reports that describe the clinical presentation of patients with confirmed 2019-nCoV infection, and most are limited to hospitalized patients with pneumonia.描述2019新型冠状病毒感染确诊患者临床表现的报告数量有限,且大多局限于住院患者。(2)Asymptomatic infection has been described in one child with confirmed 2019-nCoV infection and chest computed tomography (CT) abnormalities.一名确诊为2019新型冠状病毒感染并且胸部计算机断层扫描异常的儿童出现了无症状感染。(3)Risk factors for severe illness are not yet clear, although older patients and those with chronic medical conditions may be at higher risk for severe illness.尽管老年患者和患有慢性基础病的患者出现危重病情的风险更高,但具体的风险因素尚不明确。

Q&A: Top health expert on latest virus developments

Q&A: Top health expert on latest virus developmentsRenowned(1)Chinese respiratory expert Zhong Nanshan shares his views on the latest developments in thenovel(2)coronavirus(3)outbreak in an interview with Beijing Television on January 31st.Q: Should people get tested for the coronavirus infection if they have symptoms of a cold or fever?A: If they have a fever, they should go to get tested for the virus, because the most common symptom for the novel coronavirus is fever. Other symptoms include fatigue and coughing. If they have such symptoms, they should go to the fever clinics to get tested.If they have had contact with people from Wuhan, they should get tested even if they do not have such symptoms, since some people do not show any symptoms at the early stage.Q: Some patients have been discharged from the hospital. Will they have any side effects?A: I have not noticed any obvious side effects. The disease now has amortality(4)rate ofabout2.5 percent. We are trying everything to save patients, especially those in critical condition, by giving them medical and life support.Q: How does the virus compare with SARS? Which one is more dangerous?A: The new coronavirus is less dangerous.Q: Many elderly people havechronic(5)diseases and need to go to the hospital regularly to get medicine. If they run out of medicine, should they go to the hospital?A: We found that elderly people with chronic disease have higher chances to get infected. It's better for them to ask their children to go to the hospital to get medicine.Q: Are there any new treatment methods you want to share with us?A: The two main treatment methods are still early detection and early isolation. They are the mostprimitive(6)and effective ways.Q: Your eyes were filled with tears during an early interview with Xinhua News Agency. Could you tell us what happened?A: Medical workers in Wuhan have worked very hard and patients are also very depressed. I talked to many of my students who are medical staff in Wuhan and they are not in a good mood.One of my students told me that people were singing the nationalanthem(7)on the street, "The Chinese nation has entered a critical stage." It shows that people have highmorale(8). I was deeply touched. When dealing with infectious patients in critical situation, morale,solidarity(9)and cooperation are very important.Q: When will theepidemic(10)end?A: The country has taken strong epidemic prevention and containment measures. Other than Wuhan, we have not seenlarge-scale(11)infections in other places. I think it will not last as long as the SARS epidemic in 2003.文章来源:http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/a/202002/01/WS5e351ae8a310128217274041.htmlNotes:(1) renowned:著名的,有声望的(2) novel:新奇的,异常的(3) coronavirus:冠状病毒(4) mortality:死亡数,死亡率(5) chronic:慢性的,长期的(6) primitive:原始的,简单的(7) anthem:赞美诗,圣歌(8) morale:士气,斗志(9) solidarity:团结,团结一致(10) epidemic:传染病,流行病(11) large-scale:大规模的,大范围的

练习 | VOA词汇掌故:常见肢体语言的含义

mg电子游戏客户端VOA词汇掌故:常见肢体语言的含义燕山大学刘立军编写uTRANSCRIPTNow, the VOA Learning English program, Words and Their Stories.On this program we explore words and common expressions in American English.We communicate most commonly, of course, with our words. But we also speak with our bodies. We call it body language.Sometimes, though, we need to describe our body language with words. That is what today's show is about - talking about body language.Two types of body language have made their way into text messaging and social media language.The most common is LOL. If we are LOL-ing, we are laughing out loud. That is whatLOLstands for. And it is easy to know when to use this. If a friend writes something to you that is extremely funny - orhilarious- you can reply with a "LOL." In conversation, though, it sounds weird to say the letters "L-O-L."Here's another one you might see in a text message from a friend.So, when someone nods their head up and down, that means they are in agreement. And if they shake their heads back and forth, it means they are disagreeing.Well, sometimes it does. Sometimes shaking one's head means something completely different.For example, I might say I could only shake my head at hisarrogance. This means that I couldn't believe that he had said or done something so arrogant. In a text, email or social media post, you can simply type SMH. But just as with LOL, it doesn't sound right in spoken English.Here is an example of how to use the full phrase "shake my head" in a conversation.I can't believe how your friend acted at the funeral! When the preacher began speaking, she laughed out loud. It was so disrespectful.How do you think I felt? I was standing with her! I could only shake my head andcringeinside. It was so embarrassing!If your friend is always behaving badly, you may just have to throw your hands up. This body language expression means that you realize that you cannot do anything to make a situation better.For example, let's say you are teaching a roomful of young children when suddenly a dog runs through the classroom! The children jump up and start laughing and chasing the dog. You can't do anything to quiet them down. So, you just throw your hands up and let them have fun.Shrugging your shoulders is when you raise and lower them. As body language, it shows that you don't care about something. But it can also mean that you are uncertain or perhaps just bored.For example, let's say I am babysitting a friend's child. At dinnertime, I ask the child, "So, do you want pasta or rice for dinner?" He doesn't say anything. He just shrugs his shoulders. So, I made my favorite - pasta with tomato sauce!Rolling your eyes is another way to show you don't care. This body language says that you don't care AT ALL about what someone is saying. Eye-rolling is even more disrespectful than shoulder-shrugging. So, teachers and parents often criticize children for eye-rolls by simply saying, "Don't roll your eyes at me!"Staying with the eyes, we come to raising eyebrows. Usually when we raise our eyebrows, our faces look as if we are surprised or shocked by something. But raising your eyebrows can also show that you disapprove of something. There is a certain amount of judgement in eyebrow-raising.Let's hear it used in a short dialogue.Did you hear about Jack? During the weekly meeting with staff, he wore a head-to-toe clown costume.Oh, that's nothing. He lost a bet with his son and had to wear it.Well, it raised some eyebrows around the office. People are saying he isn't serious enough to be manager.Wearing a clown costume is nothing to raise your eyebrows at. People should really lighten up!Now, when some people are nervous, they bite their nails. It may not be a good habit, but it has given us a useful word.Something, such as a game or a movie, that causes you to feel nervous because the ending is not known until the final moment is called a nail-biter!When talking about a sporting event, the opposite of a nail-biter is a blow-out. A blow-out is a game where one team out scores the other by a lot!Did you watch the basketball game last night?I did! What a great game.I know. I haven't seen a game that close in a long time. It was a real nail-biter! The score was tied until the last 10 minutes!It was a much better game than last week. That game was ablow-out. One team scored 68 points in the first quarter while the other didn't even score one. Boring.And that's all for this Words and Their Stories.Even though this program is not a nail-biter, we hope you're not rolling your eyes or shrugging your shoulders with boredom. And we certainly hope your eyebrows aren't raised in disapproval. But we do hope you give us a thumbsup, which, of course, means "good job."I'm Anna Matteo.Adapted fromhttp://www.kekenet.com/broadcast/201910/598353.shtmluVOCABULARY1.hilariousadj. extremely funny极其滑稽的。例如:la hilarious joke/story令人捧腹的笑话/故事lLynn found the whole situation hilarious.林恩觉得这一切都非常滑稽。lDo you know Pete? He's hilarious.你认识皮特吗?他风趣得很。2.arrogancen.(不可数名词)the behaviour of a person when they feel that they are more important than other people, so that they are rude to them or do not consider them傲慢;自大3.cringev. to feel very embarrassed and uncomfortable about sth.感到尴尬不安;觉得难为情。例如:I cringe when I think of the poems I wrote then.每当我想起我那时写的诗歌就感到很难堪。uEXERCISESRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.Now, the VOA Learning English program, Words and Their Stories.On this program we explore words and common expressions in American English.We communicate most commonly, of course, with our words. But we also speak with our bodies. We call it [Q1] ________________________________.Sometimes, though, we need to describe our body language with words. That is what today's show is about - talking about body language.Two types of body language have made their way into [Q2] ________________________________.The most common is LOL. If we are LOL-ing, we are[Q3] ____________________. That is whatLOLstands for. And it is easy to know when to use this. If a friend writes something to you that is extremely funny - or hilarious - you can reply with a "LOL." In conversation, though, itsoundsweird to say the letters "L-O-L."Here's another one you might see in a text message from a friend.So, when someone nods their head up and down, that means they are inagreement. And if they shake their heads back and forth, it means they are disagreeing.Well, sometimes it does. Sometimes shaking one's head means something completely different.For example, I might say I could only[Q4]at his arrogance. This means that I couldn't believe that he had said or done something so arrogant. In a text, email or social media post, you can simply type SMH. But just as with LOL, it doesn't sound right in spoken English.Here is an example of how to use the full phrase "shake my head" in a conversation.I can't believe how your friend acted at the funeral! When the preacher began speaking, she laughed out loud. It was so disrespectful.How do you think I felt? I was standing with her! I could only shake my head and cringe inside. It was so embarrassing!If your friend is always behaving badly, you may just have to [Q5] __________________________. This body language expression means that you realize that you cannot do anything to make a situation better.For example, let's say you are teaching a roomful of young children when suddenly a dog runs through the classroom! The children jump up and start laughing and chasing the dog. You can't do anything to quiet them down. So, you just throw your hands up and let them have fun.[Q6] ___________________________________ is when you raise and lower them. As body language, it shows that you don't care about something. But it can also mean that you are uncertain or perhaps just bored.For example, let's say I am babysitting a friend's child. At dinnertime, I ask the child, "So, do you want pasta or rice for dinner?" He doesn't say anything. He just shrugs his shoulders. So, I made my favorite - pasta with tomato sauce![Q7] ______________________________ is another way to show you don't care. This body language says that you don't care AT ALL about what someone is saying. Eye-rolling is even more disrespectful than shoulder-shrugging. So, teachers and parents often criticize children for eye-rolls by simply saying, "Don't roll your eyes at me!"Staying with the eyes, we come to [Q8] ____________________________. Usually when we raise our eyebrows, our faces look as if we are surprised or shocked by something. But raising your eyebrows can also show that you disapprove of something. There is a certain amount of judgement in eyebrow-raising.Let's hear it used in a short dialogue.Did you hear about Jack? During the weekly meeting with staff, he wore a head-to-toe clown costume.Oh, that's nothing. He lost a bet with his son and had to wear it.Well, it raised some eyebrows around the office. People are saying he isn't serious enough to be manager.Wearing a clown costume is nothing to raise your eyebrows at. People should really lighten up!Now, when some people are nervous, they [Q9] _________________________________. It may not be a good habit, but it has given us a useful word.Something, such as a game or a movie, that causes you to feel nervous because the ending is not known until the final moment is called a nail-biter!When talking about a sporting event, the opposite of a nail-biter is a blow-out. A blow-out is a game where one team outscores the other by a lot!Did you watch the basketball game last night?I did! What a great game.I know. I haven't seen a game that close in a long time. It was a real nail-biter! The score was tied until the last 10 minutes!It was a much better game than last week. That game was ablow-out. One team scored 68 points in the first quarter while the other didn't even score one. Boring.And that's all for this Words and Their Stories.Even though this program is not a nail-biter, we hope you're not rolling your eyes or shrugging your shoulders with boredom. And we certainly hope your eyebrows aren't raised in disapproval. But we do hope you give us a [Q10] ___________________________, which, of course, means "good job."I'm Anna Matteo.uKEYRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.Now, the VOA Learning English program, Words and Their Stories.On this program we explore words and common expressions in American English.We communicate most commonly, of course, with our words. But we also speak with our bodies. We call it [Q1]body language.Sometimes, though, we need to describe our body language with words. That is what today's show is about - talking about body language.Two types of body language have made their way into [Q2]text messaging and social medialanguage.The most common is LOL. If we are LOL-ing, we are[Q3]laughing out loud. That is whatLOLstands for. And it is easy to know when to use this. If a friend writes something to you that is extremely funny - or hilarious - you can reply with a "LOL." In conversation, though, itsoundsweird to say the letters "L-O-L."Here's another one you might see in a text message from a friend.So, when someone nods their head up and down, that means they are inagreement. And if they shake their heads back and forth, it means they are disagreeing.Well, sometimes it does. Sometimes shaking one's head means something completely different.For example, I might say I could only[Q4]shakemy headat his arrogance. This means that I couldn't believe that he had said or done something so arrogant. In a text, email or social media post, you can simply type SMH. But just as with LOL, it doesn't sound right in spoken English.Here is an example of how to use the full phrase "shake my head" in a conversation.I can't believe how your friend acted at the funeral! When the preacher began speaking, she laughed out loud. It was so disrespectful.How do you think I felt? I was standing with her! I could only shake my head and cringe inside. It was so embarrassing!If your friend is always behaving badly, you may just have to [Q5]throw your hands up. This body language expression means that you realize that you cannot do anything to make a situation better.For example, let's say you are teaching a roomful of young children when suddenly a dog runs through the classroom! The children jump up and start laughing and chasing the dog. You can't do anything to quiet them down. So, you just throw your hands up and let them have fun.[Q6]Shrugging your shouldersis when you raise and lower them. As body language, it shows that you don't care about something. But it can also mean that you are uncertain or perhaps just bored.For example, let's say I am babysitting a friend's child. At dinnertime, I ask the child, "So, do you want pasta or rice for dinner?" He doesn't say anything. He just shrugs his shoulders. So, I made my favorite - pasta with tomato sauce![Q7]Rolling your eyesis another way to show you don't care. This body language says that you don't care AT ALL about what someone is saying. Eye-rolling is even more disrespectful than shoulder-shrugging. So, teachers and parents often criticize children for eye-rolls by simply saying, "Don't roll your eyes at me!"Staying with the eyes, we come to [Q8]raising eyebrows. Usually when we raise our eyebrows, our faces look as if we are surprised or shocked by something. But raising your eyebrows can also show that you disapprove of something. There is a certain amount of judgement in eyebrow-raising.Let's hear it used in a short dialogue.Did you hear about Jack? During the weekly meeting with staff, he wore a head-to-toe clown costume.Oh, that's nothing. He lost a bet with his son and had to wear it.Well, it raised some eyebrows around the office. People are saying he isn't serious enough to be manager.Wearing a clown costume is nothing to raise your eyebrows at. People should really lighten up!Now, when some people are nervous, they [Q9]bite their nails. It may not be a good habit, but it has given us a useful word.Something, such as a game or a movie, that causes you to feel nervous because the ending is not known until the final moment is called a nail-biter!When talking about a sporting event, the opposite of a nail-biter is a blow-out. A blow-out is a game where one team outscores the other by a lot!Did you watch the basketball game last night?I did! What a great game.I know. I haven't seen a game that close in a long time. It was a real nail-biter! The score was tied until the last 10 minutes!It was a much better game than last week. That game was ablow-out. One team scored 68 points in the first quarter while the other didn't even score one. Boring.And that's all for this Words and Their Stories.Even though this program is not a nail-biter, we hope you're not rolling your eyes or shrugging your shoulders with boredom. And we certainly hope your eyebrows aren't raised in disapproval. But we do hope you give us a [Q10]thumbs up, which, of course, means "good job."I'm Anna Matteo.

练习 | BBC新闻:英国将提前举行大选

BBC新闻:英国将提前举行大选燕山大学刘立军编写uTRANSCRIPTBBC News. Hello, I'm Jerry Smit. Britain's main opposition party Labor, says it will now support an early general election, meaning the UK is almost certain to go to the polls in December. It comes as the Prime Minister Boris Johnsongears upfor his fourth attempt in parliament to secure asnapelection. The Labor leader Jeremy Corbyn told his colleagues that with Brexit delayed until the end of January, the immediate threat of leaving without a deal had been removed.“We always said we wanted an election. We do want an election, but we wanted no-deal to be taken off the table. We've now had confirmation from all 28 EU member states that no-deal is off the table. So we'regonnago out there with the biggest campaign this Party has ever mounted, totally united, totally determined.”With this analysis, here is our political correspondent Rob Watson.“This is one of those genuine, real, historic landmark developments in thethree-and-a-half-year political crisis, that is the Brexit process,because this means definitively we are gonna have an early general election before Christmas. What's changed for the opposition Labor Party is this idea that it's just impossible any longer to resist an election that some of the smaller opposition parties have gone along with it and that what they had asked for which was to make sure that wasn't gonna be aneminentno-deal Brexit. Well, that has been handled by the European Union, saying Okay, we're gonna extend the Brexit process until the end of January.Adapted fromhttp://www.kekenet.com/broadcast/201910/598299.shtmluVOCABULARY1.gear up:gear up (for/to sth.) | gear sb./sth.↔up (for/to sth.)to prepare yourself /sb. /sth. to do sth.(使)为……作好准备。例如:Cycle organizations are gearing up for National Bike Week.自行车组织正在为全国自行车周活动作准备。2.snapadj.(只用于名词前)made or done quickly and without careful thought or preparation匆忙的;仓促的。例如:lIt was a snap decision.那是个仓促的决定。lThey held a snap election.他们临时举行了选举。3.gonna:(informal, non-standard) a way of saying or writing“going to”in informal speech, when it refers to the future即将,将要(非正式用语,即going to)。例如:What's she gonna do now? 她现在要干什么?4.eminentadj.(常用于名词前) l(of people人)famous and respected, especially in a particular profession(尤指在某专业中)卓越的,著名的,显赫的。例如:an eminent architect著名的建筑师l(of good qualities良好品质) unusual; excellent非凡的;杰出的。例如:a man of eminent good sense极其明智的人uEXERCISESRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.BBC News. Hello, I'm Jerry Smit. Britain's main opposition party Labor, says it will now support[Q1] ________________________________,meaning the UK is almost certain to go to the polls in December. It comes as the Prime Minister Boris Johnson[Q2] ____________for his fourth attempt in parliament to secure[Q3] ___________________________.The Labor leader Jeremy Corbyn told his colleagues that with Brexit delayed until the end of January, the immediate threat of[Q4] _______________________________________had been removed.“We always said we wanted an election. We do want an election, but we wanted no-deal to be taken off the table. We've now had[Q5] __________________________from all 28 EU member states that no-deal is off the table. So we're gonna go out there with the biggest campaign this Party has ever mounted, totally united, totally determined.”With this analysis, here is our political correspondent Rob Watson.“This is one of those genuine, real, historic[Q6] ___________________________________in thethree-and-a-half year[Q7] ___________________________,that is the Brexit process because this means definitively we are gonna have an early general election before Christmas. What's changed for the opposition Labor Party is this idea that it's just impossible any longer to[Q8] ______________________that some of the smaller opposition parties have gone along with it and that what they had asked for which was to make sure that wasn't gonna be an[Q9] __________________no-deal Brexit. Well, that has been handled by the European Union, saying Okay, we're gonna[Q10] _________________the Brexit process until the end of January.”uKEYRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.BBC News. Hello, I'm Jerry Smit. Britain's main opposition party Labor, says it will now support[Q1]an early general election, meaning the UK is almost certain to go to the polls in December. It comes as the Prime Minister Boris Johnson[Q2]gears upfor his fourth attempt in parliament to secure[Q3]a snap election. The Labor leader Jeremy Corbyn told his colleagues that with Brexit delayed until the end of January, the immediate threat of[Q4]leaving without a dealhad been removed.“We always said we wanted an election. We do want an election, but we wanted no-deal to be taken off the table. We've now had[Q5]confirmationfrom all 28 EU member states that no-deal is off the table. So we're gonna go out there with the biggest campaign this Party has ever mounted, totally united, totally determined.”With this analysis, here is our political correspondent Rob Watson.“This is one of those genuine, real, historic[Q6]landmark developmentsin thethree-and-a-half year[Q7]political crisis, that is the Brexit process because this means definitively we are gonna have an early general election before Christmas. What's changed for the opposition Labor Party is this idea that it's just impossible any longer to[Q8]resist an electionthat some of the smaller opposition parties have gone along with it and that what they had asked for which was to make sure that wasn't gonna be an[Q9]eminentno-deal Brexit. Well, that has been handled by the European Union, saying Okay, we're gonna[Q10]extendthe Brexit process until the end of January.”

练习 | 科学美国人60秒:摇晃有助于改善成人睡眠

mg电子游戏客户端科学美国人60秒:摇晃有助于改善成人睡眠燕山大学 刘立军 编写TRANSCRIPTThis is Scientific American 60-Second Science. I'm Karen Hopkin.Every new parent knows, or learns pretty quickly, that rocking can calm that a fussy baby when it's time to take a nap. But the benefits of gentle motion may extend past the swaddling stage. Because two new studies show that rocking also helps grown-ups, both human and mouse, get a good night's sleep. The two research efforts are in the journal Current Biology.What should be no surprise is that movement can be soothing. Think of how many times you've fallen asleep on a train. But can motion really induce a doze, and make for a deeper sleep? To find out, researchers invited 18 healthy volunteers for a sleepover."So they came to the lab and they slept one time on the stationary position, normal bed. And one night where they got rocked."Aurore Perrault, a sleep researcher at the University of Geneva in Switzerland."And what we find is actually compared to a stationary night, a whole night of rocking sleep has a beneficial impact. Not only on sleep initiation, which means they fall asleep faster, but also on sleep maintenance, as we saw that they have less micro-awakening during the night."Subjects who rocked also did better on a memory test the next morning than did the stiller sleepers.In the second study, Konstantinos Kompotis, a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Lausanne, rocked a rack of rodents."Whether rocking affects sleep in species other than human was never before discussed. So the main questions for our study were does rocking affect sleep in mice and what is the underlying mechanism?"Kompotis placed the mouse cages on a platform that moved from side to side. And though mice were rocked four times faster than their human counterparts - a frequency of one back-and-forth per second, or 1 Hertz, worked best - the results were strikingly similar."During rocking at 1 Hertz, time spent asleep increased, there were more transitions from wakefulness to non-REM sleep, and mice fell asleep twice as fast than at stationary condition."The effect required an ability to detect motion. Mice with a defective vestibular system, which is key to maintaining balance, did not become lulled by the sleep-inducing platform.Additional studies could allow the researchers to identify a new target for treating sleep disorders, including insomnia. Until then, you might think about adding a little swing to your nighttime routine.Thanks for listening for Scientific American 60-Second Science. I'm Karen Hopkin.VOCABULARY1. fussy adj. doing sth. with small, quick, nervous movements 紧张不安的。例如:a fussy manner局促不安的举止2. swaddle v.(动词+名词短语)(old-fashioned) to wrap sb. / sth., especially a baby, tightly in clothes or a piece of cloth (用衣服或布)紧裹,包裹(尤指婴儿)3. soothe v. to make a tense or painful part of your body feel more comfortable 减轻,缓解,缓和(身体某部位的紧张或疼痛)。(同义词)relieve 例如: This should soothe the pain. 这个应该能缓解疼痛。 Take a warm bath to soothe tense, tired muscles. 洗个热水澡,让紧张疲劳的肌肉放松一下。4. sleepover n. a party for children or young people when a group of them spend the night at one house (儿童或年轻人在某人家玩乐并过夜的)聚会5. lull v.(动词+名词短语)to make sb. relaxed and calm 使放松;使镇静 [同义词] soothe 例如:The vibration of the engine lulled the children to sleep. 发动机的颤动使得孩子们睡着了。6. insomnia n.(不可数名词)the condition of being unable to sleep 失眠(症)。例如:to suffer from insomnia 失眠EXERCISESRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.This is Scientific American - 60-Second Science. I'm Karen Hopkin.Every new parent knows, or learns pretty quickly, that rocking can calm [Q1] ____________________________ when it's time to take a nap. But the benefits of gentle motion may extend past the swaddling stage. Because two new studies show that rocking also helps grown-ups, [Q2] _________________________________, get a good night's sleep. The two research efforts are in the journal Current Biology.What should be no surprise is that movement can be soothing. Think of how many times you've fallen asleep on a train. But can motion really [Q3] _________________, and make for a deeper sleep? To find out, researchers invited 18 healthy volunteers for a sleepover."So they came to the lab and they slept one time on the stationary position, normal bed. And one night where they got rocked."Aurore Perrault, a sleep researcher at the University of Geneva in Switzerland."And what we find is actually compared to a stationary night, a whole night of rocking sleep has a beneficial impact. Not only on sleep initiation, which means they fall asleep faster, but also on [Q4] ______________________________, as we saw that they have less micro-awakening during the night."Subjects who rocked also did better on a [Q5] _______________ the next morning than did the stiller sleepers.In the second study, Konstantinos Kompotis, a [Q6] _______________________ at the University of Lausanne, rocked a rack of rodents."Whether rocking affects sleep in species other than human was never before discussed. So the main questions for our study were [Q7] __________________________________________ and what is the underlying mechanism?"Kompotis placed the mouse cages on a platform that moved from side to side. And though mice were rocked four times faster than their human counterparts - a frequency of one back-and-forth per second, or 1 Hertz, worked best - the results were [Q8] _______________."During rocking at 1 Hertz, time spent asleep increased, there were more transitions from wakefulness to non-REM sleep, and mice fell asleep twice as fast than at stationary condition."The effect required an ability to detect motion. Mice with a defective vestibular system, which is key to maintaining balance, did not become lulled by the sleep-inducing platform.Additional studies could allow the researchers to identify a new target for treating [Q9] _____________________________, including insomnia. Until then, you might think about adding [Q10] _________________________ to your nighttime routine.Thanks for listening for Scientific American 60-Second Science. I'm Karen Hopkin.KEYRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.This is Scientific American - 60-Second Science. I'm Karen Hopkin.Every new parent knows, or learns pretty quickly, that rocking can [Q1] calm a fussy baby when it's time to take a nap. But the benefits of gentle motion may extend past the swaddling stage. Because two new studies show that rocking also helps grown-ups, [Q2] both human and mouse, get a good night's sleep. The two research efforts are in the journal Current Biology.What should be no surprise is that movement can be soothing. Think of how many times you've fallen asleep on a train. But can motion really [Q3] induce a doze, and make for a deeper sleep? To find out, researchers invited 18 healthy volunteers for a sleepover."So they came to the lab and they slept one time on the stationary position, normal bed. And one night where they got rocked."Aurore Perrault, a sleep researcher at the University of Geneva in Switzerland."And what we find is actually compared to a stationary night, a whole night of rocking sleep has a beneficial impact. Not only on sleep initiation, which means they fall asleep faster, but also on [Q4] sleep maintenance, as we saw that they have less micro-awakening during the night."Subjects who rocked also did better on a [Q5] memory test the next morning than did the stiller sleepers.In the second study, Konstantinos Kompotis, a [Q6] postdoctoral fellow at the University of Lausanne, rocked a rack of rodents."Whether rocking affects sleep in species other than human was never before discussed. So the main questions for our study were [Q7] does rocking affect sleep in mice and what is the underlying mechanism?"Kompotis placed the mouse cages on a platform that moved from side to side. And though mice were rocked four times faster than their human counterparts - a frequency of one back-and-forth per second, or 1 Hertz, worked best - the results were [Q8] strikingly similar."During rocking at 1 Hertz, time spent asleep increased, there were more transitions from wakefulness to non-REM sleep, and mice fell asleep twice as fast than at stationary condition."The effect required an ability to detect motion. Mice with a defective vestibular system, which is key to maintaining balance, did not become lulled by the sleep-inducing platform.Additional studies could allow the researchers to identify a new target for treating [Q9] sleep disorders, including insomnia. Until then, you might think about adding [Q10] a little swing to your nighttime routine.Thanks for listening for Scientific American 60-Second Science. I'm Karen Hopkin.

练习 | VOA词汇掌故:常见肢体语言的含义

VOA词汇掌故:常见肢体语言的含义燕山大学刘立军编写uTRANSCRIPTNow, the VOA Learning English program, Words and Their Stories.On this program we explore words and common expressions in American English.We communicate most commonly, of course, with our words. But we also speak with our bodies. We call it body language.Sometimes, though, we need to describe our body language with words. That is what today's show is about - talking about body language.Two types of body language have made their way into text messaging and social media language.The most common is LOL. If we are LOL-ing, we are laughing out loud. That is whatLOLstands for. And it is easy to know when to use this. If a friend writes something to you that is extremely funny - orhilarious- you can reply with a "LOL." In conversation, though, it sounds weird to say the letters "L-O-L."Here's another one you might see in a text message from a friend.So, when someone nods their head up and down, that means they are in agreement. And if they shake their heads back and forth, it means they are disagreeing.Well, sometimes it does. Sometimes shaking one's head means something completely different.For example, I might say I could only shake my head at hisarrogance. This means that I couldn't believe that he had said or done something so arrogant. In a text, email or social media post, you can simply type SMH. But just as with LOL, it doesn't sound right in spoken English.Here is an example of how to use the full phrase "shake my head" in a conversation.I can't believe how your friend acted at the funeral! When the preacher began speaking, she laughed out loud. It was so disrespectful.How do you think I felt? I was standing with her! I could only shake my head andcringeinside. It was so embarrassing!If your friend is always behaving badly, you may just have to throw your hands up. This body language expression means that you realize that you cannot do anything to make a situation better.For example, let's say you are teaching a roomful of young children when suddenly a dog runs through the classroom! The children jump up and start laughing and chasing the dog. You can't do anything to quiet them down. So, you just throw your hands up and let them have fun.Shrugging your shoulders is when you raise and lower them. As body language, it shows that you don't care about something. But it can also mean that you are uncertain or perhaps just bored.For example, let's say I am babysitting a friend's child. At dinnertime, I ask the child, "So, do you want pasta or rice for dinner?" He doesn't say anything. He just shrugs his shoulders. So, I made my favorite - pasta with tomato sauce!Rolling your eyes is another way to show you don't care. This body language says that you don't care AT ALL about what someone is saying. Eye-rolling is even more disrespectful than shoulder-shrugging. So, teachers and parents often criticize children for eye-rolls by simply saying, "Don't roll your eyes at me!"Staying with the eyes, we come to raising eyebrows. Usually when we raise our eyebrows, our faces look as if we are surprised or shocked by something. But raising your eyebrows can also show that you disapprove of something. There is a certain amount of judgement in eyebrow-raising.Let's hear it used in a short dialogue.Did you hear about Jack? During the weekly meeting with staff, he wore a head-to-toe clown costume.Oh, that's nothing. He lost a bet with his son and had to wear it.Well, it raised some eyebrows around the office. People are saying he isn't serious enough to be manager.Wearing a clown costume is nothing to raise your eyebrows at. People should really lighten up!Now, when some people are nervous, they bite their nails. It may not be a good habit, but it has given us a useful word.Something, such as a game or a movie, that causes you to feel nervous because the ending is not known until the final moment is called a nail-biter!When talking about a sporting event, the opposite of a nail-biter is a blow-out. A blow-out is a game where one team out scores the other by a lot!Did you watch the basketball game last night?I did! What a great game.I know. I haven't seen a game that close in a long time. It was a real nail-biter! The score was tied until the last 10 minutes!It was a much better game than last week. That game was ablow-out. One team scored 68 points in the first quarter while the other didn't even score one. Boring.And that's all for this Words and Their Stories.Even though this program is not a nail-biter, we hope you're not rolling your eyes or shrugging your shoulders with boredom. And we certainly hope your eyebrows aren't raised in disapproval. But we do hope you give us a thumbsup, which, of course, means "good job."I'm Anna Matteo.Adapted fromhttp://www.kekenet.com/broadcast/201910/598353.shtmluVOCABULARY1.hilariousadj. extremely funny极其滑稽的。例如:la hilarious joke/story令人捧腹的笑话/故事lLynn found the whole situation hilarious.林恩觉得这一切都非常滑稽。lDo you know Pete? He's hilarious.你认识皮特吗?他风趣得很。2.arrogancen.(不可数名词)the behaviour of a person when they feel that they are more important than other people, so that they are rude to them or do not consider them傲慢;自大3.cringev. to feel very embarrassed and uncomfortable about sth.感到尴尬不安;觉得难为情。例如:I cringe when I think of the poems I wrote then.每当我想起我那时写的诗歌就感到很难堪。uEXERCISESRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.Now, the VOA Learning English program, Words and Their Stories.On this program we explore words and common expressions in American English.We communicate most commonly, of course, with our words. But we also speak with our bodies. We call it [Q1] ________________________________.Sometimes, though, we need to describe our body language with words. That is what today's show is about - talking about body language.Two types of body language have made their way into [Q2] ________________________________.The most common is LOL. If we are LOL-ing, we are[Q3] ____________________. That is whatLOLstands for. And it is easy to know when to use this. If a friend writes something to you that is extremely funny - or hilarious - you can reply with a "LOL." In conversation, though, itsoundsweird to say the letters "L-O-L."Here's another one you might see in a text message from a friend.So, when someone nods their head up and down, that means they are inagreement. And if they shake their heads back and forth, it means they are disagreeing.Well, sometimes it does. Sometimes shaking one's head means something completely different.For example, I might say I could only[Q4]at his arrogance. This means that I couldn't believe that he had said or done something so arrogant. In a text, email or social media post, you can simply type SMH. But just as with LOL, it doesn't sound right in spoken English.Here is an example of how to use the full phrase "shake my head" in a conversation.I can't believe how your friend acted at the funeral! When the preacher began speaking, she laughed out loud. It was so disrespectful.How do you think I felt? I was standing with her! I could only shake my head and cringe inside. It was so embarrassing!If your friend is always behaving badly, you may just have to [Q5] __________________________. This body language expression means that you realize that you cannot do anything to make a situation better.For example, let's say you are teaching a roomful of young children when suddenly a dog runs through the classroom! The children jump up and start laughing and chasing the dog. You can't do anything to quiet them down. So, you just throw your hands up and let them have fun.[Q6] ___________________________________ is when you raise and lower them. As body language, it shows that you don't care about something. But it can also mean that you are uncertain or perhaps just bored.For example, let's say I am babysitting a friend's child. At dinnertime, I ask the child, "So, do you want pasta or rice for dinner?" He doesn't say anything. He just shrugs his shoulders. So, I made my favorite - pasta with tomato sauce![Q7] ______________________________ is another way to show you don't care. This body language says that you don't care AT ALL about what someone is saying. Eye-rolling is even more disrespectful than shoulder-shrugging. So, teachers and parents often criticize children for eye-rolls by simply saying, "Don't roll your eyes at me!"Staying with the eyes, we come to [Q8] ____________________________. Usually when we raise our eyebrows, our faces look as if we are surprised or shocked by something. But raising your eyebrows can also show that you disapprove of something. There is a certain amount of judgement in eyebrow-raising.Let's hear it used in a short dialogue.Did you hear about Jack? During the weekly meeting with staff, he wore a head-to-toe clown costume.Oh, that's nothing. He lost a bet with his son and had to wear it.Well, it raised some eyebrows around the office. People are saying he isn't serious enough to be manager.Wearing a clown costume is nothing to raise your eyebrows at. People should really lighten up!Now, when some people are nervous, they [Q9] _________________________________. It may not be a good habit, but it has given us a useful word.Something, such as a game or a movie, that causes you to feel nervous because the ending is not known until the final moment is called a nail-biter!When talking about a sporting event, the opposite of a nail-biter is a blow-out. A blow-out is a game where one team outscores the other by a lot!Did you watch the basketball game last night?I did! What a great game.I know. I haven't seen a game that close in a long time. It was a real nail-biter! The score was tied until the last 10 minutes!It was a much better game than last week. That game was ablow-out. One team scored 68 points in the first quarter while the other didn't even score one. Boring.And that's all for this Words and Their Stories.Even though this program is not a nail-biter, we hope you're not rolling your eyes or shrugging your shoulders with boredom. And we certainly hope your eyebrows aren't raised in disapproval. But we do hope you give us a [Q10] ___________________________, which, of course, means "good job."I'm Anna Matteo.uKEYRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.Now, the VOA Learning English program, Words and Their Stories.On this program we explore words and common expressions in American English.We communicate most commonly, of course, with our words. But we also speak with our bodies. We call it [Q1]body language.Sometimes, though, we need to describe our body language with words. That is what today's show is about - talking about body language.Two types of body language have made their way into [Q2]text messaging and social medialanguage.The most common is LOL. If we are LOL-ing, we are[Q3]laughing out loud. That is whatLOLstands for. And it is easy to know when to use this. If a friend writes something to you that is extremely funny - or hilarious - you can reply with a "LOL." In conversation, though, itsoundsweird to say the letters "L-O-L."Here's another one you might see in a text message from a friend.So, when someone nods their head up and down, that means they are inagreement. And if they shake their heads back and forth, it means they are disagreeing.Well, sometimes it does. Sometimes shaking one's head means something completely different.For example, I might say I could only[Q4]shakemy headat his arrogance. This means that I couldn't believe that he had said or done something so arrogant. In a text, email or social media post, you can simply type SMH. But just as with LOL, it doesn't sound right in spoken English.Here is an example of how to use the full phrase "shake my head" in a conversation.I can't believe how your friend acted at the funeral! When the preacher began speaking, she laughed out loud. It was so disrespectful.How do you think I felt? I was standing with her! I could only shake my head and cringe inside. It was so embarrassing!If your friend is always behaving badly, you may just have to [Q5]throw your hands up. This body language expression means that you realize that you cannot do anything to make a situation better.For example, let's say you are teaching a roomful of young children when suddenly a dog runs through the classroom! The children jump up and start laughing and chasing the dog. You can't do anything to quiet them down. So, you just throw your hands up and let them have fun.[Q6]Shrugging your shouldersis when you raise and lower them. As body language, it shows that you don't care about something. But it can also mean that you are uncertain or perhaps just bored.For example, let's say I am babysitting a friend's child. At dinnertime, I ask the child, "So, do you want pasta or rice for dinner?" He doesn't say anything. He just shrugs his shoulders. So, I made my favorite - pasta with tomato sauce![Q7]Rolling your eyesis another way to show you don't care. This body language says that you don't care AT ALL about what someone is saying. Eye-rolling is even more disrespectful than shoulder-shrugging. So, teachers and parents often criticize children for eye-rolls by simply saying, "Don't roll your eyes at me!"Staying with the eyes, we come to [Q8]raising eyebrows. Usually when we raise our eyebrows, our faces look as if we are surprised or shocked by something. But raising your eyebrows can also show that you disapprove of something. There is a certain amount of judgement in eyebrow-raising.Let's hear it used in a short dialogue.Did you hear about Jack? During the weekly meeting with staff, he wore a head-to-toe clown costume.Oh, that's nothing. He lost a bet with his son and had to wear it.Well, it raised some eyebrows around the office. People are saying he isn't serious enough to be manager.Wearing a clown costume is nothing to raise your eyebrows at. People should really lighten up!Now, when some people are nervous, they [Q9]bite their nails. It may not be a good habit, but it has given us a useful word.Something, such as a game or a movie, that causes you to feel nervous because the ending is not known until the final moment is called a nail-biter!When talking about a sporting event, the opposite of a nail-biter is a blow-out. A blow-out is a game where one team outscores the other by a lot!Did you watch the basketball game last night?I did! What a great game.I know. I haven't seen a game that close in a long time. It was a real nail-biter! The score was tied until the last 10 minutes!It was a much better game than last week. That game was ablow-out. One team scored 68 points in the first quarter while the other didn't even score one. Boring.And that's all for this Words and Their Stories.Even though this program is not a nail-biter, we hope you're not rolling your eyes or shrugging your shoulders with boredom. And we certainly hope your eyebrows aren't raised in disapproval. But we do hope you give us a [Q10]thumbs up, which, of course, means "good job."I'm Anna Matteo.

第九届教学大赛翻译专业组二等奖王妍授课

mg电子游戏客户端授课点评:王妍老师的这堂口译课准备充分,步骤清晰,并始终保持与学生积极互动,达到了授课目的。准确迅速把握住说话人的主旨要点,是做好口译工作的一个关键,因此,在口译课堂上将其作为一个训练重点是必须的。王妍老师以两个生动实例作为引子,导出她要学生领会的两个要领,即准确抓住说话人的意图与把握好表述的逻辑。然后又从技术层面将整个口译过程分为几个流程等级,结合课堂实践的具体内容逐一进行讲解,以使学生从理念到语言运用的细节等获得对这一训练项目的较完整认识,效果是好的。整个教学过程体现出她对学生循循善诱的用心,教态从容,且颇具亲和力,这些都值得充分肯定。我认为要真正让学生掌握这项口译的技艺,不仅需要如王妍老师那样设计一个上乘的授课方案,并以最有效方式作课堂演示,还应在授课的最后环节着重强调一下“功夫在课外”的重要性。也就是说,应鼓励学生在课外尽量找些合适的材料强化这方面的自我训练。翻译,特别是口译,从某种意义上讲是一件熟能生巧的事,大量的自我实训有助于提升口译水平,其中就包括对说话人主旨要点的精准把握。需要提醒王妍老师的是,其课堂英语表达还有若干不尽如人意之处,如expect,concept,complex读音不准,although 与but错误并用,at last用错了地方(应该是 finally)等。点评专家:何刚强教授

第九届教学大赛商务英语专业组二等奖罗睿授课

授课点评:总体表现评价:罗睿老师口语流利,对所讲授内容比较熟悉,能够较好地回答提问评委的提问;对整个单元有一个粗略的教学目标、教学内容和教学方法设计,并且在授课过程有所体现;有教学方法(team-based learning),并能将此方法落实在具体授课中。但是,将教学目标分business level, language level 和ability level来概述,显得比较空洞。比如,business level的目标是“assess the business background”,language level是听说读写和语法,这些都是比较宽泛不具体的教学目标。具体表现评价:课堂组织比较有条理,给出的指令比较清晰;如视频2:30-2:50,能清晰地引导学生看具体哪一页的文本,并且告诉学生具体的教学流程有四部分构成,这样处理能让学生对接下来的授课安排有个总体认识。在授课过程,能针对所布置的任务进行个别指导,如视频中6:30-8:54,在布置完每一组(包括教师自己)的阅读任务后,能够逐一指导并和学生确认阅读任务。在视频4:06-5:00中使用“面子”视频,有新意,但插入该视频的时间节点有点突兀,和前后的授课内容逻辑上有点不顺;此外,未能充分利用好该视频,仅从视频中总结出什么是“面子”,但未能抓住视频中男孩没有脱鞋这个细节进行拓展。建议:授课语速和节奏可以适当放慢一些,从容一些。教学方法中提到案例教学法,但没有充分利用好D& G这个案例。如果能将这个案例作为课后讨论作业,让学生分析这个案例,讨论“面子”的重要性,则效果会更佳,也能真正体现案例教学法的效果。点评专家:郭桂航教授

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大英综合课教学设计工作坊2.0

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